a. This SROE shall apply to all units, elements, and personnel of the AFP. b. This SROE shall be valid for implementation during attacks against the Republic of the Philippines or in any part thereof, the AFP and its units in Internal Security Operations (ISO), Territorial Defense Operations (TDO), and other military and contingency operations. c. When the AFP or its units are part of Multinational Forces and UN forces or in combined and joint operations, the concerned AFP units shall conform to the agreed ROE. d. This AFP SROE shall not be applicable to multilateral or bilateral training exercises. e. In the absence of a combined or agreed ROE in the conduct of combined, joint, multilateral and bilateral operations, AFP personnel shall adhere to the AFP SROE.