is the authority granted to a commander or individual assigned responsibility for co-ordinating specific functions or activities involving forces of two or more commands, or two or more services or two or more forces of the same service. He has the authority to require consultation between the agencies involved or their representatives, but does not have the authority to compel agreement. In case of disagreement between the agencies involved, he should attempt to obtain essential agreement by discussion. In the event he is unable to obtain essential agreement he shall refer the matter to the appointing authority. Coordinating authority is more applicable to planning and similar activities than to operations. Commanders designate coordinating authority to assist during planning and preparation for actual operations. The commander specifies coordinating authority to foster effective coordination; however, coordinating authority does not compel any agreements.