Special Operations

1. a. Usually refers to any military commando-like operations against strategic or tactical targets This type of operations may also refer to any form of action with a military purpose yet not necessarily involving the use of force or violence. b. In peacekeeping operations, these operations include the civil affairs aspect which include, but is not limited to, restoration of electric power or water services, providing school equipment, reestablishing legitimate local authorities in order to improve the morale of the. civil population and avert public discontent and disturbances that often lead to political instability and violence. (AFPM 3-8-1) 2. Operations conducted by specially organized, trained, and equipped military and paramilitary forces to achieve military, political, economic, or informational objectives by unconventional military means in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive areas. These operations are conducted across the full range of military operations, independently or in coordination with operations of conventional, non-special operations forces. (PAM 3-07, PAM 3-0701-06) 3. Political-military considerations frequently shape special operations, requiring clandestine, covert, or low visibility techniques, and oversight at the national level. Special operations differ from conventional operations in degree of physical and political risk, operational techniques, mode of employment, independence from friendly support, and dependence on detailed operational intelligence and indigenous assets. ( PAM 3-0701-06) 4. Are operations requiring unique modes of employment, tactical techniques, equipment and training often conducted in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive, clandestine, low visibility, conducted with and/or through indigenous forces, requiring regional expertise, and/or a high degree of risk. (LMC 2016)

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